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Style-sheet

Referencing

MLA: http://www.mla.org/style

Online guide for MLA: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/

Please use MLA (author page) system:

  • These “eloquent objects” (Goring 5) gestured to the inadequacy of language to express the passions.

  • In Vic Gatrell’s words, “laughter was no laughing matter and sorely needed taming” (162).

Use an abbreviated title when there are several references by one author:

  • Manfred Pfister points out that laughter is indeed a “litmus test in assessing the state of a given society” (History of English Laughter vi-vii).

  • According to Joyce (Finnegans Wake 501) . . . . .

  • This is what Burns suggests (“Poor Mailie’s Elegy” 23).

Drama: acts, scenes, lines. Ex.: 4.1.253.

Poetry: Ex.: “Poor Mailie’s Elegy” 23.

Périodicals in modern editions: (Spectator 367, 3: 380).

Manuscripts:
Ex.: A Strange and Wonderful Miracle Wrote by God’s Great Mercy (British Library, 697 b 46).

Quotations

Quotations of less than 4 lines are inserted in the text.

Quotations in languages other than English or French follow the same rules and should appear in italics, with the translation in a note.

Quotation marks and punctuation

Use double quotation marks with punctuation inside

  • That a work of historiography composed in this way will to an uncomfortably great extent be dependent on the conditions prevalent during its production and can hardly be an “objective,” “authentic” or “true” account, is blatantly obvious.

  • They prefer to throw in their lots with him rather than with his pusillanimous “betters.”1

Imbeded quotations: simple quotation marks

Ellipses […]

Ex: In a 1997 essay, Paul A. Cantor observed: “Contemporary critics have a tendency to project contemporary issues back into literary history” (41). This tendency is especially apparent in much criticism on Tristram Shandy and has frequently led to an ahistorical excision of the text from its 18th-century contexts and to an anachronistic reading of Sterne as virtually a post-modern writer writing in the 18th century, who is celebrated for having anticipated key literary techniques of the 20th century. On the other hand, Sterne is frequently regarded as a somewhat backward and provincial conservative out of tune even with developments in his own time.

Complete sentence:
In a 1997 essay, Paul A. Cantor observed: “Contemporary critics have a tendency to project contemporary issues back into literary history” (41). […] On the other hand, Sterne is frequently regarded as a somewhat backward and provincial conservative out of tune even with developments in his own time.

Inside a sentence:
This tendency […] has frequently led to an ahistorical excision of the text from its eighteenth-century contexts.

End of a sentence:
This tendency is especially apparent in much criticism on Tristram Shandy and has frequently led to an ahistorical excision of the text from its 18th-century contexts and to an anachronistic reading of Sterne as virtually a post-modern writer writing in the 18th century […].

Works cited

Example:

WORKS CITED

PRIMARY SOURCES

Addison, Joseph & Richard Steele. Spectator. [1711 –1714]. Ed. Donald F. Bond. 5 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1965.

Shakespeare, William. Twelfth Night. Ed. John M. Lothian and T. W. Craik. The Arden Shakespeare. 2d series. London: Routledge, 1988.

Shakespeare, William. Twelfth Night. The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. 31 July 2013.
<http://shakespeare.mit.edu/twelfth_night/full.html>

Sterne, Laurence. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman. Ed. Melvyn New. 8 vols. to date. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 1978-.

Sterne, Laurence. Vie et opinions de Tristram Shandy. Trad. Charles Mauron. 1946. Paris: Flammarion, 1982.

Sterne, Laurence. La Vie et les opinions de Tristram Shandy. Trad. Guy Jouvet. 1998 [vols. 1 et 2]. Auch: Éditions Tristram, 2004.

SECONDARY SOURCES

Bandry, Anne. “Les Traductions de Tristram Shandy en France.” La Traduction romanesque au XVIIIe siècle. Éd. Annie Cointre, Alain Lautel et Annie Rivara. Arras: PU d’Artois, 2003. 247-66.

Genette, Gérard. Palimpsestes: La Littérature au second degré. Paris: Seuil, 1982.

Gottlieb, Sydney. “Sterne’s Slawkenbergius and Joseph Hall.” Cahiers élisabéthains 30 (octobre 1986): 79-80.

Howes, Alan B., ed. Sterne: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.

Ogée, Frédéric. “Laurence Sterne, La Vie et les opinions de Tristram Shandy, traduction intégrale de Guy Jouvet.” La Quinzaine littéraire 16-30 avril 2004: 12-13.

Soupel, Serge. “Guy Jouvet, tr. La Vie et les opinions de Tristram Shandy.” Review. The Shandean 11 (1999-2000): 152-54.

Wyndham-Lewis, Dominic Bevan. Introduction. Gargantua and Pantagruel. By François Rabelais. Vol. 1. London: Dent; New York: Dutton, 1929. vii-xvii.

Wood, Michael. “The Thing.” LRB 27.1 (6 January 2005): 18.

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